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View technical reports and peer-reviewed publications from the SATURN team on the results of our research.

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Natural soundscapes of lowland river habitats and the potential threat of urban noise pollution to migratory fish

Kees te Velde, Amy Mairo, Edwin THM. Peeters, Hendrik V. Winter, Christian Tudorache and Hans Slabbekoorn.

Environmental Pollution, 2024 

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SATURN acoustical terminology standard

Michael A. Ainslie,  François-Antoine Bruliard, Christ A. F. de Jong, José Antonio Díaz,  Thomas Folegot, Mohammad Ghasemi, Michele B. Halvorsen, Hans Slabbekoorn, Jakob Tougaard, Mike van der Schaar

SATURN Project Technical Reports, 2024 


Statocyst ultrastructure in the Norwegian lobster (Nephrops norvegicus)

Marta Solé

Biology, 2024 

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Modelling sound particle motion in shallow water

Victor O. Oppeneer, Christ A.F. de Jong, Bas Binnerts, Michael Wood and Michael A. Ainslie

The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2024 

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Final report on vessel URN measurements

 Roberto Yubero de Diego, Mohammad Ghasemi and Øystein Solheim Pettersen

Saturn Project Technical Reports, 2023


Acoustic Profiles of Underwater Soundscapes Affected by Road Traffic

The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life, Living Edition , 2023


Ship noise causes tagged harbour porpoises to change direction or dive deeper

Caitlin Frankish, Sander von Benda-Beckmann, Jonas Teilmann, Jakob Tougaard, Rune Dietz, Signe Sveegaard, Bas Binnerts, Christ de Jong and Jacob Nabe-Nielsen 

Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2023

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Is Maritime Spatial Planning a tool to mitigate the impacts of underwater noise? A review of adopted and upcoming maritime spatial plans in Europe

Sofia Bosi, Emiliano Ramieri, Marta Picciulin, Stefano Menegon, Michol Ghezzo, Antonio Petrizzo, Thomas Folegot, Fantina Madricardo and Andrea Barbanti

Marine Policy, 2023


Small reductions in cargo vessel speed substantially reduce noise impacts to marine mammals

Charlotte R. Findlay, Laia Rojano-Doñate, Jacob Tougaard, Mark P. Johnson, and Peter Teglberg Madsen

Scientific Advances, 2023


Vessel noise exposures of harbour seals from the Wadden Sea

Dominik André Nachtsheim, Mark Johnson, Tobias Schaffeld, Abbo van Neer, Peter T. Madsen, Charlotte R. Findlay, Laia Rojano-Doñate, Jonas Teilmann, Lonnie Mikkelsen, Johannes Baltzer, Andreas Ruser, Ursula Siebert and Joseph G. Schnitzler

Scientific Reports, 2023

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Identification of the computation of standardised acoustic statistics

Mike van der Schaar

Saturn Project Technical Reports, 2023


On empirical formulae to assess the source level of ships in shallow water with different hydrophone configurations

Valentin Meyer and Christian Audoly

Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics, 2022


Semi-coherent image method to estimate propagation loss in shallow water for measuring surface vessel source level

Michael Ainslie and Michael Wood

Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics, 2022


Hydroacoustic analysis of a marine propeller using large-eddy simulation and acoustic analogy

Antonio Posa, Riccardo Broglia, Mario Felli, Marta Cianferra, Vincenzo Armenio

Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 2022


The signature of a propeller–rudder system: Acoustic analogy based on LES data

Antonio Posa, Mario Felli, Riccardo Broglia

Journal of Ocean Engineering, 2022


A decade of underwater noise research in support of the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive

Nathan Merchant, Rosalyn Putland, Michel André, Eric Baudin, Mario Felli, Hans Slabbekoorn, René Dekeling

Ocean & Coastal Management, 2022


Acoustic signature of a propeller operating upstream of a hydrofoil

Antonio Posa, Riccardo Broglia, and Mario Felli

Physics of Fluids, 2022


Antonio Posa, Mario Felli, and Riccardo Broglia

Physics of Fluids, 2022

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Harmonized test signals to assess harmful Underwater noise characteristics

Christ de Jong

Saturn Project Technical Reports, 2022


Selective Inner Hair Cell Loss in a Neonate Harbor Seal (Phoca vitulina)

Maria Morell, Laura Rojas, Martin Haulena, Björn Busse, Ursula Siebert, Robert E. Shadwick, and Stephen A. Raverty

Animals, 2022

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